Other important architectures of this age are the Palazzo Ducale, which is the main point of the town, and the first nucleus of the rich Villa Imperiale, on San Bartolo hill. Probably the period which gave the biggest number of signs is the one of the Della Roveres, who since 1513 make Pesaro the capital of the “state” they governed for almost 120 years, until the death of Francesco Maria II in 1631. Many churches go back to this age (S. Giovanni Battista, S. Ubaldo) and many buildings which distinguished the centre town (palazzo Americi, palazzo Gabrielli, palazzo Lorena, palazzo Baviera and many others).
The seventeenth century coincides with the beginning of the government of the State of the Church. There aren’t many works of this period, only the Theatre of the Sun, now Teatro Rossini, which due its present form to the works made at the beginning of the nineteenth century. During the eighteenth century the town had a new energy and many important buildings were made (Palazzo Toschi Mosca, now it hosts the main office of the Civic Museums, Palazzo Mazzolari Mosca, Palazzo Macchirelli and others) and even many churches (for example the remaking of the church of S. Maria Maddalena and, in the nearby, the great stairway Vanvitelliano, which each year hosts art exposures).
A deep artistical mark is the one left by the liberty age which express itself mostly in the buildings of some rich maritime country houses. In Pesaro there are wonderful examples, such as the floreal decorations of the house Ruggeri.